Mutation Research/Reviews in Mutation Research
Volume 781, July – September 2019
Available online March 11, 2019
Summary by a colleague:
While cytotoxic chemical agents caused damage only at certain stages of the egg’s development, cell phone radiation was found to cause damage at ALL stages of egg development and heritable DNA mutations which could be passed on to the next generation.
Results were statistically significant:
There was 35.77% more DNA damage from GSM 1800 cell phone exposure at 36 minutes compared to non-exposed eggs (p<0.0005), and 50.16% more DNA damage from GSM 900 cell phone exposure at 36 minutes compared to non-exposed eggs (p<0.0002).
In contrast, DNA damage from magnetic fields comparable to power lines for 120 hours was only up to 7.5% (p<0.001)
Even though all the sources of EMF in the studies were non-ionizing and thus cannot cause DNA damage directly, the DNA damage was caused by release within the cells of oxidative free radicals or hydrolytic enzymes like DNAses.
The study found that the most important physical parameters of EMFs causing bioactivity, are: 1) polarization (in combination with coherence), 2) ELF components (pulsing, modulation, etc.), 3) field/radiation intensity, 4) exposure duration, 5) field variability. The crucial parameter for the intense bioactivity seems to be the extreme variability of the polarized MT signals, mainly due to the large unpredictable intensity changes. This applies to all forms of microwave wireless communication, including 2nd, 3rd, and 4th generations of cell phones, DECT cordless phones, and Wi-Fi.
The results of these studies are applicable to mammals, including humans, because
“all cells in both insects (including Drosophila) and mammals (including humans) have the same type of cell membranes, are full with billions of identical free ions like calcium (Ca+2), potassium (K+), sodium (Na+) etc, initiating and accompanying all cellular events, and have the same intracellular organelles like mitochondria, ribosomes, endoplasmic reticulum, nucleus containing the cell‘s genomic DNA with the same basic structure… These similarities at the cellular level between all animals are more fundamental than differences in volume, mass, shape, macroscopic functions, intelligence, etc, since all health effects are initiated at the cellular level. Thus, it is reasonable to assume that a cellular effect caused by EMFs on Drosophila (e.g. DNA damage) can be expected to occur also in the human organism.”
The importance of exposure variability implies the need to define safety standards for EMF-exposures not only by the frequency components and average intensity values (which is currently done in the US and other countries), but by the maximum and minimum intensity, frequency variations, pulsing or continuous wave, modulation, and polarization as well.