Report on Smart Meter Problems

The December 2012 report “Analysis: Smart Meter and Smart Grid Problems – Legislative Proposal” is available to the public. This 173-page report by activist Nina Beety has extensive referenced information about many of the problems and risks of the Smart Meter program, with information from state, national, and international resources. Supplemental documents can be downloaded here.

Originally written for California legislators, this updated report also provides a legislative and regulatory action plan for halting this program, and suggestions for reforming utility regulation so that the public is protected in the future.

Table of Contents

What is a Smart Meter?
Smart Grid/Smart Meter problems and issues
– Overview
– Overcharging, accuracy, and the Structure Group report
– Reliability
– Privacy invasion
– Fires and electrical problems
– Health problems Continue reading

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Alert: Disaster with Ukraine’s nuclear reactors probable with shrinking coal supply


(Source: Energoatom)

(Source: Energoatom)

This is a catastrophic situation. Please read my comments following about why the lack of coal is such a serious problem.

From Fort Russ, 12-7-14

The Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry of Ukraine held an urgent meeting with the new Minister Vladimir Demchishin, in a frantic attempt to find a way out of a catastrophic situation with a shortage of coal at Ukrainian thermal power plants, reported “Ukrainian Pravda” on December 5, with reference to sources in the Ministry.

It is noted that at the talks were present the head of DTEK (energy company of Rinat Akhmetov) Maxim Timchenko and Sergei Kuzara, a former adviser to Eduard Stavytsky, Minister of Energy in  Azarov [Yanukovich] government.

The publication referred to the information from the Director of one of the thermal power plants of Ukraine: “I knew that everything is bad with coal, but did not suspect to what extent — I am not trying to scare you, but if in the near future we will not run the gas/fuel blocks, then we will freeze, and Kiev will be first in line. There is no coal at the plants, because of the stupidity of the country’s leadership, we will not have enough time to get it in a week”.

The following data was provided: at TPP warehouses of the state company “Centrenergo” since July the amount of coal decreased to a minimum: July – 969 thousand tons; August – 691 thousand tons; September – 205 thousand tons; October – 98 thousand tons; November – 58 thousand tons, and now, in December – there is not even that.” It was emphasized that the speech of the Director of TPP was “very emotional and with unprintable language towards the leadership of the country”.

As reported by IA REGNUM, the state company “Ukrenergo” announced on December 3 “a particularly dire state with the provision of coal at Zmievskaya, Uglegorsk, Lugansk, Dnieper and Kryvoy Rog TPP’s, where the fuel reserves will last only 4 days (as of December 3). Ukrainian authorities do not want to buy coal from Donetsk and Lugansk Republics,  a contract with South Africa is practically annulled, and deliveries from Russia are “irregular”.

Translated by Kristina Rus

Editor’s commentary:

This is a catastrophe.

First of all, the people of Ukraine will freeze, literally freeze, this winter. There are areas where the Kiev regime’s forces, with NATO support, have targeted and destroyed the infrastructure. That already means no electricity and no water. But with no coal, they will die. American taxpayers are paying for weapons and support to destroy more homes and kill more Ukrainians.

But it’s even worse and international in impact. Ukraine’s nuclear power plants, and nuclear reactors in general, are dependent on grid power to keep reactor cores and fuel rods cool. For Ukraine, with 40% of the power coming from thermal plants, and the rest from nuclear, that means they are absolutely dependent on the coal-burning (thermal) power plants . Those reactors will either be forced to shut down now, eliminating that source of electricity. Or if Kiev is utterly sociopathic, which they have amply proven, the reactors will be kept running until the inevitable power outages lead to explosions and meltdowns just like Fukushima.

There are 15 nuclear reactors in Ukraine.

There were three reactors that melted down and three explosions at Fukushima. If the 15 reactors failed, that would be five times Fukushima.

Everyone who follows the research and reports from Fukushima [see ENE News — —  for the most up-to-date information] knows what a cataclysmic and ongoing disaster that is, with no end in sight.

How disastrous would a Ukrainian nuclear holocaust be? The end of Earth now, immediately? Possibly.

Americans think this radiation won’t reach them. It has, and it will.

The United States was blanketed with radiation when the Fukushima reactors initially exploded. There are daily radioactive releases into the air. Radiation from Fukushima circles the Earth every 13 days, drifting down on us, more so when it rains or snows. No one is left out. The Northern Hemisphere is particularly impacted. 400 tons of contaminated water flow into the Pacific Ocean every day (at least), and the Atlantic Ocean is at risk from flows through the Bering Straits..

This Ukrainian crisis is the responsibility of the United States and NATO and the Kiev coup regime. They created this nightmare. The news media has covered up the truth, just as it has about Fukushima.

See this earlier article:

Get this information about coal and the power plants to your local and national officials. Send this to everyone who cares about a future. The situation in Ukraine is the most urgent issue before all of us. The people of Ukraine need our help desperately and the survival of the entire world is at stake.

For information about Ukraine and Russia from a variety of sources, see

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“A Pattern of Incompetence and Fraud” — Critique of Arizona’s flawed Smart Meter report

In August 2013, the Arizona Corporation Commission requested that the Arizona Department of Health Services conduct a study of Smart Meters.

The commission asked ADHS to answer whether there are health impacts from the meters and whether the radio-frequency emissions from them exceed federal requirements, commission spokeswoman Rebecca Wilder said.

The first part of the question will be answered by ADHS’ review of published research on the meters. To answer the second part, the Arizona Radiation Regulatory Agency will measure meters’ radio-frequency emissions, Wilder said.

“There will be no input from the utilities,” she said. “We wanted this to be an independent, objective report.” [1]

In November 2014, after more than a year, the state released its report —
[A more compressed file is here:]

Did the Arizona Department of Health Services fulfill their goals?


Warren Woodward submitted this detailed report to the Arizona Corporation Commission in November  (E-Docket # O1345A-13-0069)

A Pattern of Incompetence and Fraud: Exposing Major Mistakes, Misleading Misrepresentations, and Obvious Omissions in the Arizona Department of Health Services’ “Smart” Meter Health Study

In December, he further evaluated the accuracy of RF measurements and the equipment used by the ADHS in the state report.

Video Exposé – The ADHS “Smart” Meter Study Is Grossly Inaccurate
Information and Perspective by Warren Woodward
December 9, 2014 


As I wrote in my report on the Arizona Dept. of Health Services’ study, “In a cynical sense, the Tenmars was the perfect choice for the ADHS study – a pitifully inadequate meter for a pitifully inadequate study.”

If you haven’t already, I strongly urge you to read my full report, “A Pattern of Incompetence and Fraud”. The cheap, inaccurate Tenmars TM-195 is only one of the many major failings of the ADHS study. Sadly, the study is a fraud on the people of Arizona.

My report, “A Pattern of Incompetence and Fraud”, is posted several places online, including: and

Warren Woodward’s report can also be found at:


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NY Times: Smart Meter program failing to deliver money or power savings, and costing thousands of jobs

From New York Times
Power Savings of Smart Meters Prove Slow to Materialize
By Matthew Wald, December 5, 2014

The end is in sight for the meter reader, who each month faithfully tramps through the flower beds or into the basement, flashlight and clipboard in hand, to record electricity use.

They are being phased out because tens of millions of new meters talk directly to the electric company. The meters can record use by the hour, changing the price as the market changes and telling the customer — or maybe even the appliances themselves — the best time to buy energy.

But this is not happening. Although the goal is to shift consumption to off-peak hours when cheaper, cleaner electricity is available, experts say it is still many years away, despite billions in federal subsidies that have helped finance the switch to the so-called smart grid.

Analysts say that most customers, and public service commissions, are simply not ready for the change to what is known as dynamic pricing, which is intended to benefit the whole system by reducing demand during peak hours.

The idea is that as prices rise on summer afternoons or fall in the middle of the night, customers will learn to tailor their consumption — like running a dishwasher or washing machine, or charging an electric car — during times of better pricing.

Modern power meters are meant to smooth out peaks in demand over the day. But this has largely not happened.

It is a strategy that will become increasingly important as more wind turbines and solar panels are connected, and produce electricity without any relationship to the level of demand.

So far, though, industry and government officials, along with a few environmentalists, are pointing to a variety of other, smaller benefits from a number of smart grid innovations around the country.

For example, the new meters allow electric companies to remotely transfer an account from one name to another when a family moves, or cut off service for nonpayment, all from a central office, just as the phone companies do. And they can tell a utility that the electricity is out even when there is no one home to report that.

But the dishwashers, air-conditioners, water heaters and other electric appliances that would automatically take signals from the meter are still to come, leaving consumers to manually manage their energy consumption.

“The smart meter giving people real-time access to price information is not going to make them get up in the middle of the night and turn their dishwasher on,” said John P. Hughes, the vice president for technical affairs at the Electricity Consumers Resource Council, a consumer group that represents mostly large industrial users. “Getting the enabling technology to do that is going to take a long time.”

There are exceptions, of course. Illinois has about 25,000 households on the program, less than 1 percent of those eligible, and some of them save 20 percent on their bills, said Anne Evens, chief executive of Elevate Energy, which administers the real-time pricing program for Commonwealth Edison and Ameren-Illinois. Her company will send texts when prices rise above certain levels. It gives some customers a digital meter that it calls a Joule that displays the price down to the tenth of a cent. In an experiment, it controls when some electric cars recharge.

Karen Taubman put her 122-year-old house in River Forest, 10 miles west of the lake, on the real-time rate. She can check a web page to see what the rate is, but says she has a sense of when peak times will be. She has a washing machine and a dishwasher with timer buttons that let her set them up to run in the middle of the night. In summer she air-conditions the house down to 68 degrees, in effect cold-soaking the walls and furnishings, counting on thermal inertia to slow down the time it takes to warm up in the afternoons. She estimates she saves $15 to $20 a month; her typical bill is $110.

“You try to do the right thing for the environment and our pocketbook, keeping both in mind,” she said. The generators required on peak are more expensive than average, and dirtier too, experts say.

Joe Godinsky, in Sycamore, Ill., looked at the real time rates and realized that late-night electric prices were so low that he could turn down his gas heating system and warm up the bedrooms with electric heaters. He says he is convinced he is saving money and persuaded his parents to put their house on a real-time rate, too. But it’s not for everybody, he acknowledged. “I’m an engineer,” he said. “I like getting kind of geeky with things.”

Ms. Evens said that for the pricing to work and knock down peak demand, about 10 percent of customers would have to use it.

Nationally, though only about a million residential customers, less than 1 percent of the total, are now using real-time prices, according to Brett Feldman, a senior research analyst at Navigant Consulting. In 10 years, he predicts, it will be only about 14 million.

His company predicted early this year that by 2020, 82 percent of American consumers would still be unable to sign up for dynamic pricing.

The Energy Department estimates that by the end of next year, 65 million meters, covering more than a third of electricity customers in all categories, will have smart meters.

The Recovery Act of 2009 earmarked $2.5 billion for the smart grid, of which the new meters are a large part. Some of the money went for a variety of other devices, some of which are supposed to make the high-voltage grid backbone more stable.

So far, Congress has not paid much attention to the effect of the spending.

There are some environmental benefits, in addition to the cost savings.

A report by the Energy Department in August said that with new equipment, utilities could control distribution more tightly; in some cases, this allowed them to run the lines at slightly lower voltage, saving energy. The report also identified faster restoration of power in blackouts. [This has not been substantiated by other sources.]

And they can save diesel fuel. In Texas, Oncor, which serves 3.2 million customers, says its trucks now drive 39 percent fewer miles, a drop of about 14 million miles, because it has installed smart meters.

And there is the reduction in the jobs themselves, Although the meters were paid for in part by the Recovery Act, which was supposed to stimulate employment, the effect of the meters has been exactly the opposite.

“It eliminated literally thousands of meter readers across the country, and no way has it created any type of permanent work,” said Michael Langford, president of the Utility Workers Union of America.

“The meter-reading jobs were decent, good-paying jobs,” he said. “People were able to buy homes, pay their taxes, buy cars on them, and we eliminated those.”

But for consumers, the payoff has for the most part not been realized. In the Maryland Office of People’s Counsel, which represents customers in public service commission hearings, William F. Fields, a senior assistant, said that the cost-effectiveness of smart meters had yet to be demonstrated.

“I’ve never seen an analysis that shows that shifting my dishwashing, clothes-washing and clothes-drying load is going to make a significant impact on my monthly bill,” he said. “It’s just not that much electricity.”

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Ontario, Canada: Report by Auditor General criticizes Smart Meter program; opposition leaders say energy minister should be fired

Wynne ignores calls to fire Chiarelli energy minister over critical report on Smart Meters
Allison Jones, The Canadian Press
December 10, 2014

TORONTO — Ontario Premier Kathleen Wynne ignored opposition calls Wednesday to fire her energy minister over a critical report on the government’s smart meter program and “sexist” comments he made about the auditor general.

The premier and Energy Minister Bob Chiarelli disagree with the auditor general’s conclusions that the $2-billion smart meter program has so far spent double its projected cost, has passed on extra costs to ratepayers and has not led to the government’s electricity conservation goals being met.

Chiarelli said following the report’s release Tuesday that Auditor General Bonnie Lysyk’s numbers were wrong and premised on estimates. Lysyk spent 10 years working at Manitoba Hydro.

“Why are my numbers more credible than hers?” Chiarelli said, in response to questions after the report’s release. “First of all the electricity system is very complex. It’s very difficult to understand.”

He went on to say that when his staff met with the auditor’s staff they were left with the impression that the auditors did not understand some elements.

Chiarelli said Wednesday that all of his comments were about the staff.

“I have no idea whether those representatives were male or female,” he said, insisting he was very respectful of Lysyk.

But both the Progressive Conservatives and the New Democrats saw it differently, repeatedly calling for Chiarelli’s head in a raucous question period.

NDP Leader Andrea Horwath said the Liberal government wasted money on smart meters and shot the messenger by “attacking” the auditor general with patronizing and “sexist” comments.

“I nearly fell off my chair when the minister treated the auditor general with such dismissive disrespect,” Horwath said after question period. “I don’t believe he would have behaved that way if there was a different gendered person sitting in that chair. That made me quite angry as a woman.”

Wynne did not directly respond to calls to fire her minister, standing by his disagreement with Lysyk’s figures, but noting it’s “really important” the government has a respectful relationship with all the officers of the legislature.

“It is not unprecedented that there would be some small area of disagreement between the government and the auditor general,” she said in question period.

Progressive Conservatives also went after Chiarelli, with Christine Elliott saying that Chiarelli accused Lysyk of being in over her head.

“I find it quite insulting as a woman for him to have made those comments yesterday and it does reflect that sort of mindset that is extremely outdated and very chauvinistic,” she said after question period.

Fellow Tory Lisa MacLeod noted that she used to be the party’s critic of the energy system.

“It’s not that complex,” she said.

Lysyk wrote in her report that the government decided to mandate smart meters in Ontario before it did a cost-benefit analysis and when the analysis ultimately was done, it was flawed and its projected net benefit of $600 million was overstated by at least $512 million. 

“As a result, electricity ratepayers in Ontario are paying significantly more for this initiative in their monthly electricity bills than was originally intended,” she wrote. 

Peak electricity demand actually rose slightly between 2004 and 2010, Lysyk found.

Elliot compared the smart meter program to the Liberals’ decision to cancel two gas plants before the 2011 election, at a cost of up to $1.1 billion.

“We thought we had seen it all when we saw a billion dollars lost in the gas plant scandal,” she said in the legislature.

“Now we learn that you and your reappointed energy minister have doubled down by wasting $2 billion more on smart meters that don’t work. The $2 billion in costs have raised energy prices on families and seniors who now can’t even afford to turn on a space heater. There’s nothing smart about wasting $2 billion and getting no results.”

Wynne replied that the smart meter program has seen “concrete success” on the ground.

Meanwhile in Windsor, Ontario:
Windsor Smart Meters cheaper
AM900, December 10, 2014

Enwin customers suffered less pain than most electricity customers in the province as identified in the Auditor General’s Report.

The report from AG Bonnie Lysyk was highly critical of the entire Smart Meter project saying there was little value for money in their implementation.

Enwin’s Director of Regulatory Affairs, Andrew Sasso, points out they had no choice but to comply with provincial regulations and implement the meters.

Sasso says at least Enwin customers took a smaller hit: “the typical or average cost in Ontario for a smart meter was $227 per meter, we ended up doing it for about half or $121 per meter)

Sasso says Enwin has been more effective than most local distributors in applying for and receiving provincial grants for energy efficiency projects bringing $31-million worth of projects to the local economy.

Sasso says the “time of use” system forced Enwin to implement a new $7.4-million billing system, and were able to complete the project $1-million under budget.

Sasso says Enwin has been using the new billing system and time-of-use billing for less than a year, but admits there is no indication of a significant shift of power use to lower cost times like the evening.


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Are there Smart Meter problems in South Africa?

It seems people are interested in Smart Meter problems and issues happening in South Africa. However, except for the articles I found several months ago, I haven’t found other news articles.

There has been a news blackout on Smart Meters in different areas. This may be true in South African news media, due to the influence of money and power. When I attempted to post a comment to a South African news site, it was deleted.

If South African citizens would forward articles, letters to the editor, or editorials from local papers about what’s happening there with Smart Meters, as well as local events (like Take Back Your Power screenings or lectures) organized to bring attention to these problems, I’d be happy to provide the public with more information.

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Florida lawmakers’ bill would improve Public Service Commission

From Tampa Bay Times
By Ivan Penn, December 5, 2014

Two Tampa Bay area lawmakers announced Friday that they have filed legislation to reform the state Public Service Commission following a series of controversial decisions by regulators.

Sen. John Legg, R-Trinity, and newly elected Rep. Chris Sprowls, R-Palm Harbor, said ratepayers have lost confidence in the PSC and they want to take steps to restore the public trust.

The proposed reforms include:

• Limiting commissioners to two consecutive terms;

• Creating five districts for commissioners that align with the District Courts of Appeal;

• Requiring commissioners to live in the district from which they are appointed;

• Prohibiting elected officials from being appointed to the PSC for two years after leaving office.

“These meaningful first steps will add some diversity and accountability to the PSC as we work on other reforms that will fundamentally alter the culture of the PSC,” Sprowls said.

Cindy Muir, a PSC spokeswoman, declined to comment, saying it is the commission’s practice not to discuss pending legislation.

The proposal by Sprowls and Legg contain elements of past legislation from Rep. Dwight Dudley, D-St. Petersburg, who has been trying for two years to change the PSC. In addition to proposing districts for commissioners, Dudley also pushed to return the five-member body to elected positions rather than appointments by the governor.

The PSC voted 3-2 last week to gut the state’s energy-efficiency goals and to end rebates for solar power programs at the close of 2015. That followed a series of decisions by the commission in favor of Florida’s investor-owned utilities, in particular in regard to Duke Energy Florida.

The commission this fall approved Duke for a $1.5 billion natural gas plant at customer expense after the utility broke its sole nuclear plant during an upgrade project and canceled a proposed nuclear plant. The two failed nuclear projects are costing Duke’s 1.7 million customers $3.2 billion, though they’ll never get any electricity from either.

The state’s largest investor-owned utility, Florida Power & Light, wants the commission to approve a proposal to charge its Florida customers for fracking exploration in Oklahoma, an idea Duke also is considering.

Opposition to the PSC’s decisions and Florida’s investor-owned utilities — which include Duke, Tampa Electric and Florida Power & Light — has forged alliances between environmentalists and the conservative tea party.

“The Florida PSC apparently believes their job is to look out for the best interest of the electric monopolies and their stockholders — not the utility customers,” Debbie Dooley, founder of the Green Tea Coalition and Conservatives For Energy Freedom, said in a news release Thursday.

Stephen Smith, executive director of the Southern Alliance for Clean Energy, noted on his blog this week: “The Florida Public Service Commission … is not even pretending to be objective anymore. They have become a wholly owned subsidiary of Florida Power & Light (FPL) and the other monopoly electric utilities in Florida!”

Sprowls, who promised during his campaign to take action to reform the PSC, said the steps he is taking will help the commission fulfill its true purpose.

“The Public Service Commission should serve the public good,” Sprowls said. “While millions of Floridians are left in the dark — or fleeced by companies like Duke Energy — the PSC continues to turn a blind eye.”

Contact Ivan Penn at or (727) 892-2332. Follow @Consumers_Edge.

© 2014 Tampa Bay Times

Re-printed under Fair Use Rules.

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NY Times: Energy firms in secretive alliance with Attorneys General; Oklahoma Attorney General’s emails show partnership with energy companies

A very disturbing article from the New York Times about energy industry and Attorneys General working together collaboratively. An earlier investigative article dealt with lobbying

The language being used in these relationships and from these officials includes “rule of law” and “constitutional crisis”, defined in a way quite different from the public.

“The founders recognized that power concentrated in a few is a bad thing,” Mr. Pruitt said.

Who are “a few”, Mr. Pruitt? According to him, it’s “a very dysfunctional, distrustful political environment” that causes people to question his actions, not the enormous conflict-of-interest.

Thankfully, there are Attorneys General who don’t go along with this pattern, but it’s up to the public to stay informed and make sure their officials are representing them, not special interests.

By Eric Lipton, December 6, 2014

The letter to the Environmental Protection Agency from Attorney General Scott Pruitt of Oklahoma carried a blunt accusation: Federal regulators were grossly overestimating the amount of air pollution caused by energy companies drilling new natural gas wells in his state.

But Mr. Pruitt left out one critical point. The three-page letter was written by lawyers for Devon Energy, one of Oklahoma’s biggest oil and gas companies, and was delivered to him by Devon’s chief of lobbying.

“Outstanding!” William F. Whitsitt, who at the time directed government relations at the company, said in a note to Mr. Pruitt’s office. The attorney general’s staff had taken Devon’s draft, copied it onto state government stationery with only a few word changes, and sent it to Washington with the attorney general’s signature. “The timing of the letter is great, given our meeting this Friday with both E.P.A. and the White House.”

Mr. Whitsitt then added, “Please pass along Devon’s thanks to Attorney General Pruitt.”

The email exchange from October 2011, obtained through an open-records request, offers a hint of the unprecedented, secretive alliance that Mr. Pruitt and other Republican attorneys general have formed with some of the nation’s top energy producers to push back against the Obama regulatory agenda, an investigation by The New York Times has found.

Attorneys general in at least a dozen states are working with energy companies and other corporate interests, which in turn are providing them with record amounts of money for their political campaigns, including at least $16 million this year.

They share a common philosophy about the reach of the federal government, but the companies also have billions of dollars at stake. And the collaboration is likely to grow: For the first time in modern American history, Republicans in January will control a majority — 27 — of attorneys general’s offices.

The Times reported previously how individual attorneys general have shut down investigations, changed policies or agreed to more corporate-friendly settlement terms after intervention by lobbyists and lawyers, many of whom are also campaign benefactors.

But the attorneys general are also working collectively. Democrats for more than a decade have teamed up with environmental groups such as the Sierra Club to use the court system to impose stricter regulation. But never before have attorneys general joined on this scale with corporate interests to challenge Washington and file lawsuits in federal court.

Out of public view, corporate representatives and attorneys general are coordinating legal strategy and other efforts to fight federal regulations, according to a review of thousands of emails and court documents and dozens of interviews.

“When you use a public office, pretty shamelessly, to vouch for a private party with substantial financial interest without the disclosure of the true authorship, that is a dangerous practice,” said David B. Frohnmayer, a Republican who served a decade as attorney general in Oregon. “The puppeteer behind the stage is pulling strings, and you can’t see. I don’t like that. And when it is exposed, it makes you feel used.”

For Mr. Pruitt, the benefits have been clear. Lobbyists and company officials have been notably solicitous, helping him raise his profile as president for two years of the Republican Attorneys General Association, a post he used to help start what he and allies called the Rule of Law campaign, which was intended to push back against Washington.

That campaign, in which attorneys general band together to operate like a large national law firm, has been used to back lawsuits and other challenges against the Obama administration on environmental issues, the Affordable Care Act and securities regulation. The most recent target is the president’s executive action on immigration.

“We are living in the midst of a constitutional crisis,” Mr. Pruitt told energy industry lobbyists and conservative state legislators at a conference in Dallas in July, after being welcomed with a standing ovation. “The trajectory of our nation is at risk and at stake as we respond to what is going on.”

Mr. Pruitt has responded aggressively, and with a lot of helping hands. Energy industry lobbyists drafted letters for him to send to the E.P.A., the Interior Department, the Office of Management and Budget and even President Obama, The Times found.

Industries that he regulates have also joined him as plaintiffs in court challenges, a departure from the usual role of the state attorney general, who traditionally sues companies to force compliance with state law.

Energy industry lobbyists have also distributed draft legislation to attorneys general and asked them to help push it through state legislatures to give the attorneys general clearer authority to challenge the Obama regulatory agenda, the documents show.

“It is quite new,” said Paul Nolette, a political-science professor at Marquette University and the author of the forthcoming book “Federalism on Trial: State Attorneys General and National Policy Making in Contemporary America.” “The scope, size and tenor of these collaborations is, without question, unprecedented.”

And it is an emerging practice that several former attorneys general say threatens the integrity of the office.

For more of this lengthy and important article, including some of the documents obtained by the Times,

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