RFR = radiofrequency electromagnetic radiation
Examples: cell phones, cellular antennas, wireless Smart Meters, Wi-Fi, cordless phones, wireless baby monitors, Wii, iPads
Low intensity radiofrequency radiation: a new oxidant for living cells
Igor Yakymenko, Evgeniy Sidorik, Diane Henshel, Sergiy Kyrylenko
Published March 29, 2014
“Unexpectedly, a strong non-thermal character of biological effects of RFR has been documented. As low as 0.1 μW/cm2 intensity of RFR [current U.S, FCC guidelines are 200-1000 μW/cm2] and absorbed energy (specific absorption rate, SAR) of 0.3 μW/kg were demonstrated to be effective in inducing significant oxidative stress in living cells.”
“Oxidative stress is an induced imbalance between pro-oxidant and antioxidant systems resulting in oxidative damage to proteins, lipids and DNA; and is closely connected to overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in living cells.”
“Whatever the particular first-step molecular mechanisms, it is clear that the substantial overproduction of ROS in living cells under low intensity RFR exposure could cause a broad spectrum of health disorders and diseases, including cancer in humans. Undoubtedly, this calls for the further intensive research in the area, as well as to a precautionary approach in routine usage of wireless devices.”
Click to access df_pm_ros-yakymenko_engl_140414.pdf
Press Release: Group of Ukrainian scientists assesses available studies on ROS:
Mobile phone radiation leads to oxidation in cells
The Ukrainian group of scientists around Igor Yakymenko at the Institute of Experimental Pathology, Oncology and Radiobiology in Kiev consider it to be proven that mobile phone radiation leads to harmful oxidation processes in cells through the overproduction of free radicals. In the editorial ” Low intensity radiofrequency radiation: a new oxidant for living cells” in the scientific journal “Oxidants and Antioxidants in Medical Science” of 29 March 2014 the group reported that of 80 studies, they had assessed, 92,5 % (= 76 studies) confirmed that mechanism of inflicting damage. “Unexpectedly, a strong nonthermal character of biological effects” had been documented, the group of scientists wrote. Low intensity radiofrequency radiation (RFR) emitted by mobile phone end-user devices “could lead to mutagenic effects through expressive oxidative damage of DNA”, because “the substantial overproduction of ROS in living cells under low intensity RFR exposure could cause a broad spectrum of health disorders and diseases, including cancer in humans”.
Oxidative stress is considered to be the main cause of exhaustion, headaches, inflammatory diseases, all the way to heart attacks. The results of the scientists from Kiev explain the acutely critical nature of the hype around mobile phones, smartphones and wifi. According to latest statistics, children and young people use mobile phone end-user devices near their bodies on average for more than 8 hours a day. Therefore, they are permanently exposed to potential damage.
These findings once again strip the German and international legal limits, based on the guidelines by ICNIRP, of their legitimacy. The legal limits are based on the denial of such non-thermal effects. These research results show, how – for the sake of profit – users are exposed to this radiation unprotected. The time of denial of non-thermal effects and the relativization of the current state of research in order to protect business interests must stop. Diagnose-Funk e.V. asks all scientists to confront public authorities with these study results, and to demand a change in favour of the precautionary principle.
Link and Download:
Full text Yakymenko et al. & Diagnose-Funk ‘Brennpunkt’: http://www.mobilfunkstudien.de
1 Oxidative stress occurs when oxidative effects by free radicals (e.g. hydrogen peroxide) exceed the ability of antioxidant systems to neutralize them and the balance is in favor of oxidation. The damage in the cells can be oxidation of unsaturated fatty acids, proteins and DNA.
2 ROS ( Reactive Oxygen Species) : Oxygen containing molecules that are highly unstable and highly interactive with other molecules. They are formed by the incomplete one-electron reduction of oxygen. They extract electrons from other molecules becoming radicals themselves. Thus a chain reaction is initiated which can cause cellular damage by oxidative stress. These ROS include superoxides, peroxides, hydroxyl radical and hypochlorous acid.
3 “Increasing incidence of burnout due to magnetic and electromagnetic fields of cell phone networks and other wireless communication technologies”, Ulrich Warnke, Peter Hensinger, umwelt -medizin – gesellschaft | 26 | 1/2013, Download from