“People should be made aware that the EMR from using day to day cellular, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth devices are harmful to human health. The levels of radiation observed in most cases such as phone calls, internet browsing on laptops and smartphones, using wireless routers and hotspots, Bluetooth smartwatches and smartphones are unsafe when compared with radiations limits determined by medical bodies. According to the current medical literature, various adverse health effects from exposure to RF EMR have been well documented. For now, wireless technologies must be avoided as much as possible.”
— from Conclusion (emphasis added)
Published 27 February, 2020
Electromagnetic Radiation Due to Cellular, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth Technologies: How Safe Are We?
NAREN, ANUBHAV ELHENCE, VINAY CHAMOLA , AND MOHSEN GUIZANI
The electromagnetic radiation (EMR) emitted out of wireless communication modules in various IoT devices (especially used for healthcare applications due to their close proximity to the body) have been identified by researchers as biologically hazardous to humans as well as other living beings. Different countries have different regulations to limit the radiation density levels caused by these devices. The radiation absorbed by an individual depends on various factors such as the device they use, the proximity of use, the type of antenna, the relative orientation of the antenna on the device, and many more. Several standards exist which have tried to quantify the radiation levels and come up with safe limits of EMR absorption to prevent human harm. In this work, we determine the radiation concern levels in several scenarios using a handheld radiation meter by correlating the findings with several international standards, which are determined based on thorough scientific evidence. This study also analyzes the EMR from common devices used in day to day life such as smartphones, laptops, Wi-Fi routers, hotspots, wireless earphones, smartwatches, Bluetooth speakers and other wireless accessories using a handheld radio frequency radiation measurement device. The procedure followed in this paper is so detailed that it can also be utilized by the general public as a tutorial to evaluate their own safety with respect to EMR exposure. We present a summary of the most prominent health hazards which have been known to occur due to EMR exposure. We also discuss some individual and collective human-centric protective and preventive measures that can be undertaken to reduce the risk of EMR absorption. This paper analyses radiation safety in pre-5G networks and uses the insight gained to raise valuable concerns regarding EMR safety in the upcoming 5G networks.
VIII. DISCUSSIONS (excerpts)
Currently employed public exposure limits do not provide sufficient protection to people both in terms of long-term and short-term exposure…
It has already been several years since the wireless-technologies have been deployed, meaning that the public has already been exposed to a lot of harmful EMR without their knowledge. It may be anticipated that this section of the population will suffer from many of the health hazards discussed in section V. If corrections are not made now, especially when the number of wireless devices are growing exponentially which leads to an exponential increase in public EMR exposure, the current and future public will be at even greater risks of both known and unknown health hazards. In particular, women, children and fetus are hypersensitive to EMR and special care must be taken to protect these groups from both short and long term exposure…
A two-fold approach can be followed to minimize harm from EMR pollution. Firstly, measures can be taken to protect people from the already existing high levels of EMR. Second, proactive prevention techniques can be adopted in environments such as households, schools and hospitals to greatly minimize EMR exposure. These have been explained in detail in Section VI and VII of this paper…
Both individuals and governments must be aware of the fact that the current population has already been exposed to dangerous levels of radiation and the resulting adverse health effects may surface in people at any time. In this regard, proper planning and execution, both on governmental and individual levels is required to properly handle a breakout of EMR related health issues in large numbers of people in all areas of the world. Specifically, it must be noted that the radiation in 5G networks is suspected to increase by several folds. It will not only affect regions near cell towers and 5G devices but all indoor and outdoor environments in the region of coverage. Thus, almost all people in the area of coverage of 5G networks may be exposed to dangerous levels of EMR. Without thorough research and well-designed safety measures in place, wide-spread deployment of 5G networks could prove to be dangerous…
IX. CONCLUSION (excerpt)
People should be made aware that the EMR from using day to day cellular, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth devices are harmful to human health. The levels of radiation observed in most cases such as phone calls, internet browsing on laptops and smartphones, using wireless routers and hotspots, Bluetooth smartwatches and smartphones are unsafe when compared with radiations limits determined by medical bodies. According to the current medical literature, various adverse health effects from exposure to RF EMR have been well documented. For now, wireless technologies must be avoided as much as possible. New and innovative wired solutions which provide the same level of user-friendliness should be encouraged. Intervention of government and medical bodies with the main purpose of protecting human health is of utmost necessity to ensure good economic development without compromising the health of the population. Countries must adopt the guidelines suggested by medical bodies which take into account both thermal and non-thermal effects of EMR. At present, all individuals must take preventive and protective measures to protect themselves from harmful EMR exposure.